Empire style ....... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

Charles-Honor?Lannuier

The French 閙igr?閎閚iste (furniture maker) Charles-Honor?Lannuier is without question one of the most impressive cabinetmakers in American history, although he only worked for 16 short years in New York City before his death in 1819 at the age of 40. For years he has been in the shadow of the far better known New York cabinetmaker Duncan Phyfe

As a young man, Charles Honor?Lannuier fled his native Paris to escape the social and political chaos that followed the Revolution. After settling in America, he soon distinguished himself as one of the most talented cabinetmakers of the 19th century. Lannuier not only capitalized on America's attraction to the French style, he helped to refine it. His ornate creations became synonymous with wealth and taste, conferring prestige upon their newly prosperous owners.

Charles-Honor?Lannuier
By Peter Kenny and Matthew Thurlow

During the first decades of the nineteenth century, Duncan Phyfe and Charles-Honor?Lannuier were the acknowledged leaders of the New York furniture trade. Both immigrant craftsmen, they established a distinctive New York style of cabinetmaking that incorporated contemporary European design. Americans throughout the young nation considered their work to be the pinnacle of taste and sophistication.

Honor?Lannuier trained in Paris as an 閎閚iste (the French term for cabinetmaker) before relocating to New York in 1803. From 1804 until his death in 1819, he operated a shop at 60 Broad Street, among the city's thriving manufacturing and financial districts.

Lannuier first offered his patrons furniture executed in the delicate Directory (1795—99) style before moving on to the more robust French Consulate (1799—1804) and Empire (1804—15) approach.

Extant artifacts reveal his reliance on journals and books published by French designers such as Pierre de La M閟ang鑢e (1761—1831), and Charles Percier (1764—1838) and Pierre-Fran鏾is-L閛nard Fontaine (1762—1853).

To compete with those working in the more restrained Anglo-American taste, though, Lannuier occasionally melded the two approaches into an assimilated style that would appeal to a broad range of consumers.

Like Phyfe, Lannuier often incorporated decorative elements taken from the architecture and furnishings of ancient Greece and Rome.

The 閎閚iste promoted his European training and knowledge of contemporary Parisian modes by attaching a trade label to his furniture that was written in both English and French.

Phyfe and Lannuier often influenced one another's aesthetic approach.

Examples:


Page by Chuck LaChiusa
| ...Home Page ...| ..Buffalo Architecture Index...| ..Buffalo History Index... .|....E-Mail ...| ..

web site consulting by ingenious, inc.
国产亚洲欧美日韩一区_国产亚洲中文日韩欧美综合网_国产在线精品亚洲二区