Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

Woods Used in Furniture

Ash

Bird's eye maple

Boxwood

Cherry

Ebony

Fur

Magnolia

Maple

Mahogany

Oak

Pearwood

Plum

Poplar

Purpleheart

Rosewood

Satinwood

Sycamore

Walnut

See also: Veneer

Furniture Styles and Woods Used

Pilgrim Style: 17th century

Primary woods: oak; sometimes maple or hickory for turned parts.

Secondary woods: pine, ash, maple, hickory, or others.

William and Mary Style: 1690-1725

Primary woods: walnut or maple.

Secondary woods: pine or others.

Queen Anne Style: 1725-1750

Primary woods: walnut; also maple, cherry, or, later, mahogany

Secondary woods maple, pine, ash, cedar, beech, tulip, or others

Chippendale Style: 1750-1780

Primary woods: mahogany; sometimes walnut, maple, or cherry

Secondary woods: maple, pine, ash, cedar, beech, tulip, or others

Federal Style: 1780-1820

Primary woods: mahogany; satinwood or other contrastingveneers.

Secondary woods: pine or others.

Empire Style: 1815-1840

Primary woods: rosewood or mahogany; also handsomely grained maple; pine, birch, or other local woods for countrypieces.

Secondary wood: beginning in the Empire period, pine became almost standard.

Country and Shaker Styles: 1690-1900

Woods: pine, maple, or various local fruitwoods or softwoods.

Windsor Style: 1730-1830

Woods: several used for each piece, typically pine and maple withhickory, ash, or birch.

Gothic Revival Style: 1840-1880

Woods: walnut; also mahogany, rosewood, cherry, or oak.

Rococo Revival Style: 1840-70

Woods: mahogany or rosewood; also walnut for lower-priced pieces.

Renaissance Revival Style: 1850-1880

Woods: walnut; also ash or pine for less expensive pieces.

Eastlake Style: 1870-1890

Woods: oak, walnut, cherry, or maple.

Colonial Revival Style: 1890-1925

Woods: oak; or traditional high-style woods such as mahogany and walnut.

Art Nouveau Style: 1895-1910

Woods: oak for mass-produced pieces; mahogany, rosewood, maple, or exotic woods such as amboyna for elegant examples.

Mission / Arts and Crafts Styles: 1900-1925

Wood: oak.

Art Deco Style: 1925-1945

Materials: Pine or maple for less expensive lacquered or painted pieces; mahogany, walnut, or more exotic woods for finer examples. Sometimes metal or glass.

See also:



Page by Chuck LaChiusa
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